Tuesday, October 9, 2018

5 Facts to Know About STD : Rapid Std Testing


One of the most prominent ways to prevent STDs is to have safe sex. It is recorded that most of the people having unsafe sex are highly prone to the risk of developing STD. Mostly teenagers and people under the age of 24, should be cautious. This is because the risk of developing STD is higher in them compared to the adults. As a result, safe sex with proper use of the contraceptive methods and condom can help in the prevention of STD. As per the reports of World Health Organisation (WHO) about millions of people are affected by STD around the globe each day.

Although it may some astonishing, here are some more facts about STD that are sure to take you by surprise.


Women are more prone than men

Women are more rapidly and seriously affected by STD as compared to men. This is because of the body type. Men can easily transfer the infection to women but it is hard for the vice-versa process. Also, if women leave their STD conditions untreated, the problem may escalate and turn to be serious. Just for example, untreated Chlamydia can grow up-to Fallopian tube leading to pelvic infection and infertility. Although, men may not have such long-term health problem due to Chlamydia. Also, pregnant women suffering from syphilis and genital herpes tend to pass it on to their children.

There are several STDs

As per researches 25 different kind of STDs are known to mankind however, there are more than it. Some of the most commonly known STD include gonorrhea, hepatitis B, syphilis, pubic lice or crabs, Chlamydia, human papillomavirus (HPV) and trichomonas. Apart from it, some of the commonly known infections include scabies, hepatitis B, molluscum, contagiosum and mycoplasma genitalium. Apart from these are other STDs too which can be viral, bacterial and parasitic.

They can be treated but not cured

There are several STDs such as gonorrhea and syphilis which can be cured by antibiotics while insecticides can treat pubic lice and scabies. Also, there are STDs like HIV, HPV, Hepatitis B, genital warts which can't be completely cured but treated to some extent. These sexually transmitted diseases can have a negative impact on the health and romantic life. If you are suffering from any kind of STD, it is better to tell your partner before indulging in any physical relationship with them.

Men having sex with men are at the highest rate of developing syphilis

The number of patients suffering from Syphilis has been increasing each year. The percent of people suffering from syphilis is quite high and most of the reported cases are those of men indulging into sexual relationship with men. In the initial stage of syphilis, a small painless sore develops into the genital area. Through this chancre the syphilis bacteria enters the body. In case of men, this usually develops at the shaft or penis. Then the secondary stage of syphilis develops which causes rash, sores in genital and oral area. It may sometimes even lead to fever and body aches. Both, the primary and secondary stages of syphilis is contagious. Thus, it is recommended to make proper use of latex condoms. This helps to lower the risk of developing syphilis.

 STDs are transmitted through oral sex

While many people think that with oral sex they are on safe side, they're wrong. Having an unprotected oral sex can increase the chances of developing herpes, hepatitis B, syphilis and gonorrhea. Even when you're having oral sex, it is better to use a condom or dental dam. However, in most of the cases, STDs are developed owing to vaginal fluid, semen and blood. Other STD that can be caused due to skin-to-skin contact include scabies, pubic lice and even molluscum contagiosum.

It is highly recommended that whether you are involving in oral or genital sex, you make use of the protective methods. Being on the safe side is important.

Saturday, September 29, 2018

Hepatitis B: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment


Hepatitis B is another effective liver disease caused by virus of Hepatitis B. However, with proper treatment Hepatitis B can be cured on its own. Nonetheless, it the disease isn't treated properly on time, it can be dangerous and often lead to liver cancer and cirrhosis. Hepatitis B is one of the serious problems around the world. Lakhs and thousands of people die every year due to Hepatitis B. Even if Hepatitis B is a illness for a short period of time, most of the people affected by it cause serious damages. Hepatitis B can be prevented by immunization.



What is Hepatitis B?
Hepatitis B is the infection and inflammation of liver. People who are infected by this virus often tend to pass it to other. Most of the people are unaware of their seriousness. Several people detect no symptoms, while some experience infection only in the initial stage. However, if it is not treated in time it can lead to a chronic infection. This virus keeps on attacking the liver from time to time. In certain cases, the damage can tend to be irreversible. Most of the people who are affected by Hepatitis B, tend to die due to liver failure.

What are the symptoms of Hepatitis B?
Most of the people suffer from the infection right from their children. However, these are not diagnosed in all cases. Although you may notice it rarely. Some of the most common symptoms of Hepatitis B include
     Muscle and joint pain
     Dark coloured urine
     Fatigue
     Fever
     Sudden loss of appetite
     Yellow of eyes (sclera) and skin (jaundice)
     Weakness
     Discomfort in the abdomen
Even if you notice the minor symptoms, you will need to get it diagnosed. The symptoms for Hepatitis B will become major for the elderly people mostly over the age of 60. Even if you have been exposed to the symptoms, you should consult your doctor. Nonetheless, you can take certain measures to prevent the infection.

How is it diagnosed?
Most of the doctors conduct blood tests to determine Hepatitis B. People who are at the risk of developing Hepatitis B include
     HIV positive people
     Kidney dialysis patient
     Come in touch with any Hepatitis B patient
     Pregnant
     Prone to IV drugs
     Been criminals in jail
For the screening of Hepatitis B, blood tests are carried out. The wide range of blood tests include



Hepatitis B surface antigen test
The presence of Hepatitis B surface antigen would indicate that you're are affected. The positive results mean that you are capable of spreading it however the absence means you will not. Nonetheless, the test won't indicate any difference between serious and mild disease.

Hepatitis B core antigen test
The presence of the core antigen would determine if you had been affected currently or not. The positive results means it may either be serious or mild. However, it can determine that you are recovering from the disease.

Hepatitis B antibody test
This test determines the immunity of HBV. The possible result shows that you are safe against the disease.

Liver function test
This is very essential for Hepatitis B patients. The presence of excess enzyme means you are affected. It also helps you determine which part is not functioning properly.

How is Hepatitis B treated?
Hepatitis B can be treated by the following ways

Hepatitis B vaccine and immune globulin
If you notice any symptoms regarding the exposure of Hepatitis B, you should consult your doctor. A vaccination will help you prevent the infection from growing. You may as well get vaccinated once again or an injection for HBV immune globulin.

Other Treatment options for Hepatitis B
Normal or initial hepatitis B hardly requires any treatment. Most people tend to get over this on their own. All you will need to do is by hydrated.

You can take antiviral medication to cure serious hepatitis B. This will enable you to fight against the virus. Nonetheless, this will prove to be effective for avoiding further risk. In case of liver damage, you will have to liver transplant.

Friday, September 21, 2018

Benefits of Confidential HIV test


As per general health reports, millions of people each year are affected by HIV. Not all people open up about their sexual health. Although physical contact is considered to be one of the main reasons for HIV, it isn't the only cause. HIV is also caused due to usage of syringe in blood tests, blood transfusion and so on. Most of the times it happens that a number of people aren't aware of the them being affected by HIV. It is necessary to detect HIV at its early stage since it will help to prevent further transmission of HIV. Diagnosing the disease at an early age can help in starting the treatment at an early period.


What is a HIV test?

One of the most common ways that can help to determine HIV in any human is blood test. The HIV test helps to find the following

Antibodies- These are produced by body when the body tries to fight against HIV.
Antigens- The protein contains of the HIV cell.
Antigens as well as antibodies

Mostly after the outbreak of the infection, antigens are found in huge quantity in the bloodstream. Nonetheless, these usually disappear after a few days. However, antibodies usually take time to appear in the blood stream. It can take about 6 to 12 weeks. After the outbreak of these antibodies, these can be found in the bloodstream.

Once you go to get the test, the negative result indicates that there is no growing sign of any infection. A positive result would determine that you are affected by the infection. There are chances that your results may not be accurate in the first go itself. If you get a positive result in the first time, it is better to get yourself checked the second time. This will help you determine the accuracy of the test.

Benefits of HIV testing

HIV testing is more important than that of the prevention. Most of the people are unaware of them being affected by HIV. This, thus increases the risk of transmitting HIV to others compared to the ones who are aware of themselves being affected by HIV. The 20% of the people who are unaware of their HIV status, tend to transfer HIV to about 50-70%. This is the reason why HIV testing is compulsory. Several studies have found that people are aware of their HIV status are less likely to indulge into any high-risk factor.

After beginning with the HIV treatment, the vital level dropped to an extreme level. When the viral load becomes undetectable, the risk of transmitting HIV lowers too, it almost becomes close to zero too. There are several factors that may help in lowering the risk of developing HIV within the community. The infection rates may also be dropped among the community on HIV positive people if it is treated effectively. Reduced community viral load means that less infection would be transferred from people to people.

Benefits of confidential HIV testing

In many parts around the world, HIV is considered to be a taboo and a shame. Also, sexually transmitted infections and diseases are a major matter of shame among people. It is for this reason that not a lot of people want to discuss their sexual health with doctors or medical professionals. Especially when it comes to HIV, it becomes even more matter of shame. As a result, many of the people remain unaware. These people refrain from getting tested in medical clinics.

As a result, the matter of confidential testing had been developed. The matter of confidential HIV testing helps to save against the risk of embarrassment to a lot of people. For the purpose of confidential HIV testing, several personalized kits too have been developed. Also, there are several clinics around the world which help you to undergo the confidential testing procedures.

Getting tested in proper time can help to save you against several risk factors. It will not only save you but your partner as well.

Wednesday, September 12, 2018

Syphilis Testing- Why is it important?


Syphilis is extremely contagious sexually transmitted diseases. It is most spread around the body by sexual activities such as oral sex or anal sex. Even long kissing sessions and proximate body contact can lead to syphilis. The disease begins with a sore which is normally painless. However, most people tend to ignore these sores which ultimately grow to the deadly disease. Most of the people who carry this disease are usually unaware of it. Hence, they transfer the disease to their partners too.



In some cases, pregnant women may too be carrying this disease. However, pregnant women who suffer from this disease tend to pass it on to their babies. This refers to congenital syphilis. It can lead to abnormalities in child and may sometimes result in the death of the baby. Like many other problems, syphilis isn't spread by toilet seats, hot tubs, door knobs and so on.

What are the symptoms?

The symptoms of syphilis are usually differentiated in three stages and different stages have different symptoms. However, after the exposure there may be no symptoms at all for many years. There are three stages: Primary, secondary and sometimes, latent phase.

     Primary
The symptoms in the primary stage of syphilis are painless. The sores are firm and round in nature and are referred to as chancres. These syphilitic sores usually appear about 3 weeks after the exposure. If treated, these chancres disappear after three to six weeks. If not treated, the disease may escalate to the next step.



     Secondary
The symptoms in the secondary stages of syphilis includes
A non-itchy rash commences from the trunk and then goes on to spread on the whole body. The rash will appear to be rough and the color will be red or reddish-brown.
     Sores in the oral, anal and genital area.
     Hair loss in the form of patches
     Fatigue
     Headache
     Weight loss
     Pain in muscles
     Swollen lymph nodes
     Fever
     Sore throat
If these symptoms are properly taken care of, they may disappear in a few days. However, they may continue to return for a brief period of time in the long run.
If syphilis isn’t treated in its secondary stage, the problem may escalate to the late or latent syphilis. 

     Latent
The latent phase of syphilis lasts for several years. In this case, the body does not have prominent symptoms. There are chances of the symptoms disappearing or the problem becoming more serious. In the phase, the T. palladium bacteria continue to be dormant with the chances of recurrences. Even if you do not notice any symptoms, it is better to get treated.

 How is it tested?

In order to confirm syphilis, the doctor usually carries out a physical examination and checks upon the sexual history. The test is done by three procedures: blood test, bodily fluid test and cerebrospinal fluid. If anyone is getting diagnosed for syphilis, their sexual partners should get diagnosed too.

Why is testing important?

Getting the syphilis testing done will not only help you find the detect but will also be beneficial to get the correct treatment. Getting the right treatment for syphilis, can be very helpful for preventing any further exposures or complications. Since most of the time, the symptoms aren’t visible, people think there is no need of getting treated. People who have not tested for syphilis, may unknowingly pass it on to other people which may be a health risk.

If the result of syphilis testing is positive, usually the doctor will suggest starting with the treatment.

What is the danger?

Several people around the world are affected by Syphilis. It is noted by doctors that people who aren’t treated for syphilis or the other sexually transmitted disease will have a significant threat upon the health of the individuals. Even if these diseases do not show signs initially, then can go on to develop and cause injury.

The formation of sores in case of syphilis can prove to be extremely annoying for the body. This is because the sores may interfere with the external appearance. Getting right treatment in right time, can play a significant role in preventing the disease. 


Thursday, September 6, 2018

How does Hepatitis A spread? Symptoms & Diagnosed


Hepatitis A refers to the liver inflammation mostly due to the toxins, immune diseases, infection or excessive use of alcohol. One of the significant causes of Hepatitis A is virus. Hepatitis A is the result of being infected by hepatitis A virus or HAV. This is a very short-term hepatitis which doesn't require any specific medical treatment.



As per the repository of World Health Organization more than 1.4 million of people are affected by Hepatitis A each year. Hepatitis A is highly contagious and spreads owing to contaminated water and food. The effects of Hepatitis A do not last for a long time and aren't that serious. Most of the times it reduces or vanishes on its own

 Symptoms of Hepatitis A

When children below the age of 6 are affected by Hepatitis A they do not show any significant signs. But, older children, adults and teenagers do show certain signs and symptoms on being affected by Hepatitis A. These may include
     Pain in the abdominal area mostly in the upper part
     Passage of dark colored urine
     Sudden weight loss
     Symptoms similar to that of flu inclusive of fever, body pain and so on.
     Onset of jaundice, a disease which leads to yellow skin and eye.

Most of the times, the symptoms usually take 15 to 50 days to reappear in order to show the symptoms.

 How is Hepatitis A caused and contracted?

People become infected with Hepatitis A only after contracting with the virus. The virus may be transmitted due to eating contaminated food or liquid that contains fecal matters of virus. After being transmitted, the virus spreads in the body via bloodstream and reaches the liver. It is in the liver where the virus reacts causing inflammation and swelling.

Apart from consuming contaminated food and water, the virus is also transmitted after coming in contact with an infected person. Since HAV is contagious, people suffering from Hepatitis A can transmit the diseases to people in the house.

 Hepatitis A generally spreads because of

     Consuming any food prepared by a HAV infected person
     Consuming food from the hands of people who do not follow proper safety rules and do not wash their hands
     Eating food that may contain fecal matter of insects
     Avoiding the usage of protection while having an intercourse with HAV infected person
     Drinking contaminated and polluted water
     Growing in contact with fecal matter infected with HAV

If you have been infected by HAV virus, you might become contagious even two weeks prior to the outbreak of any symptoms. The contagious period disappears after one or two weeks of symptom outbreak.

How is it tested and diagnosed?

If you notice any outbreak of the symptoms, it is better to consult your doctor. The doctors often suggest undergoing a blood test to detect any viral or bacterial infection presence. It is only after the blood test that the presence will be detected.



Some people have very fewer symptoms of Hepatitis A outbreak. Most of the time, people develop jaundice due to the outbreak of Hepatitis A. If the symptoms of Jaundice do not appear, detecting any hepatitis may turn out to be difficult in physical form. If the symptoms are mild you might as consider not to get Hepatitis A diagnosed. As far as Hepatitis A is concerned, only few complications occur if the condition is left untreated.

 What are the complications?

As mentioned earlier, in only a few rare cases can Hepatitis A lead to liver failure. This is mostly observed in people having liver disease. Hospitalization becomes mandatory in such cases. But, you are likely to recover from these. As far as liver transplant is considered there are very few cases of it.

 How is treated and how to prevent long-term breakout?

Since Hepatitis A breaks out for a short time, it is not necessary to treat it: Get Tested Now. The virus will gradually disappear with time. In order to lower the discomfort caused due to symptoms you should refrain from alcohol, drink water regularly and consume a healthy diet.

Hepatitis A does not have significant long-term effects. The body will build up the immunity system after recovering in order to prevent the body from exposure to virus again.

Tuesday, August 28, 2018

How to take STD tests at home and benefits?



Sexually Transmitted Diseases or STDs are just something that are embarrassing for a lot of people. Although sexual health is very important, people usually don't come up talking about it even with the doctors. Many people consider that if they do not face any symptoms, they may not be suffering from the STDs. But about 80% of the sexually active people who do not take up any contraception or rather protection while having sex are very much at the risk of developing these diseases. Most of the time, there may not be any symptoms, but the infections remain. If they are not treated properly it can prove to be dangerous for the overall health.



STD test at home

Since many feel awkward about talking their sexual health, they prefer taking the STD tests at home. There are test kits available for home too.

     Individual STD at Home Test Kits
You may find the appropriate home testing kits for individuals in the store. If you are looking for the option to just getting tested all by yourself, then this may be the most prominent option for you. If you have become infected by any recent sexual contact, the results will be more accurate. Some of the diseases that can be tested by it are HIV, syphilis, HPV, Chlamydia, Genital Herpes and many more.

     Combination panels
This may be a surprise to many but not all STDs reflect their symptoms. Sometimes you won't even get to notice that you may be suffering from any. Apart from getting tested for one infection, you can get tested for multiple infections using the kit. These may be inclusive of the testing of HIV, gonorrhea, chlamydia. Some boxes even allow you to take test for 14 sexually transmitted infections at a time.

     Test with Partner
You may not be confident and too scared to take a test. This is normal. However, since you feel you are infected, there are chances that your partner may be infected as well. You can consult your partner to come along and take a test with you. This will be beneficial for both of you. If you know about each other's sexual health, you will be able to take more precautions and avoid any kind of risk that may come on your way. You can purchase the testing kits and get it all done.

Why take a test at home?

So, many people are really uncomfortable to open up about their sexual health with any doctor. Reports have found that several of people are infected but not all of them turn to a medical consultant for help. These people feel embarrassed for being suffering from sexual diseases.

There are many people who take up these tests at home. This is most prevalent for the STD testing in Arizona. Well, taking a test at home can help you with a lot of things.


  Avoid awkward conversation
Many people prefer not to get tested at a clinic since they will have to converse about all the private things which may become awkward. You can definitely rely on your doctor to help you, but at the same time you may find it uncomfortable. You may sometimes tend to lie about your sexual health to your doctor. This may initially seem a small deal but if your doctor doesn't know all the information, he may not be able to perform the proper treatment. Taking a test at home will prevent you from all kinds of awkward conversation.

     It saves a lot of time
If you are to take a test at the clinic, you will need to plan alot of things. You will have to get an appointment, visit the place wait for your call and then get the test done. You may need to cancel out some important details out of your plan just to get the testing done. However, if you get a self testing kit, you can complete the test within a few minutes. It will save you against the trouble of visiting a doctor and thus, save your time.

The results of testing at home may not be accurate always. You can visit any clinic in this case and get it done. You should look for 'STD testing near me over internet and there will be vast ocean of options available. You can choose one reliable option and get the test done.

Wednesday, August 22, 2018

STD vs STI: Difference of STDs and STIs


People who are sexually active and do not undertake precautions are very much prone to the sexual diseases and infections. The two most prominent ones being sexually transmitted disease(STD) and sexually transmitted infection (STI). Most of the common people tend to confuse between the two but they are two very different things.

Rapid Std Testing
Rapid Std Testing


STD vs STI


STD stands for sexually transmitted disease, as most of us know. But as per medical standards, these basically are the wide infections that become a part of human body due to the consecutive sexual contact. Nonetheless, most of the people who are infected through sexual transmission don't usually get the disease. It just remains in the infection phase. This is where STIs come in the action. As per the references of the medical experts, STI are the sexually transmitted infections. This is just to clarify the confusion of the people that not all the sexually infections turn into diseases.

Just for example, women suffering from HPV (Human papilloma virus) do not develop the risk of cervical cancer. However there are several cases in which the infections finishes over two years. Also, in the generation, many people think that suffering from sexually transmitted disease is a shame. Thus, the sexually transmitted infection is a much preferred option for people like these.

STD

STDs are the transmitted infections which grow and turn out to be dangerous for the patients. These usually happen due to the sexual contact. Apart from the sexual contact, the other modes for the transfer of these diseases include breastfeeding of the mother to it's infant, blood transfusion or even drug infants.
Since the genitals are the moist areas, there is a high risk of being infected. These moist areas prove to be ideal environment for the growth of the bacteria, virus. People who do not use contraceptives but are sexually active are very much prone to the risk of sexually transmitted diseases. However, not all STIs are STDs. Most of the adolescent women are subjected to STD. Thereby, the rate of STD is increasing in senior people too these days.
Some of the prominent STDs include
     Genital herpes
     Genital warts
     Hepatitis B
     Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)
     Chlamydia
     Molluscum Contagiosum
     Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
     Crabs, which is also referred to as the pubic lice
     Trichomoniasis or Trichomoniasis
     Syphilis
     Gonorrhea

STI

Nonetheless, as per medical experts, these are the infections which haven't transmitted into diseases. They might disappear after a specific time and may re-appear if it is not taken care of properly. However, these are not as serious as the disease. In this case, the infections are transmitted or might grow due to the already existing infection. It is necessary to take proper care of them since they have a severe impact on the health.
Apart from the above mentioned sexually transmitted diseases, some of the prominent infections are enlisted below
     Epididymo-orchitis
     Hepatitis C
     Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV)
     Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
     Trichomonas vaginalis

There are other infections too which if left untreated can prove to be a threat to the human Heath.

The sexually transmitted infections such as Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) can eventually lead to AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome). This attacks the immune system of the body and decays it's functioning and the body becomes weak. There are very few chances of people surviving after being affected by HIV. This is one of the most fatal STDs and STIs. The infection eventually changes into a disease and turns out to be dangerous for the whole being of the body. It is for this reason that experts recommend taking proper care even after being slightly infected. The increase can prove to be fatal.

However, there are experts who suggest that the sexually transmitted diseases and the sexually transmitted infections are the same thing. It is just the increase of the infections to that of the diseases. So, if the differences are considered, there isn't much difference between the two.