Thursday, February 21, 2019

What is Syphilis and How It Affects Pregnant Women?

Syphilis is a bacterial Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD), caused by the bacteria named as Treponema pallidum. It is highly contagious and spreads through sexual activities like vaginal, anal and oral sex. However, in the rarest of rare cases, this disease gets transmitted to other people through prolonged kissing or close body contact. But, this STD highly affects the fetus of an infected mother. Henceforth, one must be very careful and take the necessary precautions against Syphilis, especially during Pregnancy. 
test for syphilis | std testing

SYMPTOMS OF SYPHILIS:

Like any other STD Syphilis also do not cause any symptoms or signs at an early stage. However, Syphilis occurs in three distinct stages. The three stages have different symptoms, each of which is described below.
1.    Early or Primary Syphilis:
People suffering from Primary or Early Syphilis have the following symptoms:
•    Develops one or more red sores
•    The sores are small painless ulcers  
•    The sores develop in the genital part and mouth around 10-90 days after exposure
2.    Secondary Stage:
Following are the symptoms and signs of Syphilis in its Secondary stage:
•    Begins around 6 weeks to 6 months after exposure
•    Experience a pinkish “copper penny” shaped rash usually on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet
•    Rashes with a different appearance may develop on other parts of the body
•    Presence of moist warts in the groin
•    White patches inside the mouth
•    Swollen lymph glands, fever, and weight loss are subsidiary symptoms of Syphilis
3.    Latent Syphilis:
People, who are existent in the stage of Latent Syphilis, do not possess any particular symptoms. In this stage, the disease lies dormant.
4.    Tertiary Syphilis:
Following are the complications of Tertiary Syphilis:
•    Severe problems with the heart, brain, and nerves
•    Can cause paralysis, blindness, dementia, etc.


How Syphilis affects Pregnant Women?

Syphilis can be transmitted to the babies whose mothers are infected during pregnancy. The disease as named as Congenital Syphilis can be spread to the fetus through the mother’s womb. Syphilis can cause the following problems to the newborns:
•    Having syphilis can increase the potential risk of causing Miscarriage. Miscarriage means when a baby dies within the womb itself before 20 weeks of the pregnancy. 
•    Problems affecting the placenta and umbilical cord present in our womb. During pregnancy, the placenta grows in the uterus (womb) and supplies food and oxygen to the baby through the umbilical cord. Congenital syphilis may affect the placenta to grow outsized and the umbilical cord to get swollen, which can pose life-threatening problems to the fetus.
•    Syphilis may cause stillbirth. Stillbirth refers to the death of a baby while still being inside the womb.
•    The disease can induce Foetal Growth Restriction in the newborn. This is referred to as a condition after birth when the weight of the baby is much lower than normal.
•    Syphilis gets transmitted to the infants during childbirth also. It can cause fatal infections to your child. Newborns are often born prematurely. Untreated children, who survive, develop problems in multiple organs like brain, heart, eyes, bones etc.
Thus, to prevent your child from getting the above said fatal infections, immediate treatment of Syphilis is of utmost importance.

DIAGNOSIS OF SYPHILIS:

To diagnose Syphilis a simple blood test named Syphilis Rapid Plasma Reagin Test (RPR) is performed. The blood test determines the presence of the antibodies that fight the infection. However, at times, you may result in a false positive reading if you had been treated for Syphilis before. In such a case, another test will be followed by the previous one to confirm the results.  

TREATMENT OF SYPHILIS:

The best and most effective medicine to treat Syphilis is Penicillin. If you have contracted Syphilis for less than a year, then a single dose of Penicillin is perfect. For people having an allergy to Penicillin, other antibiotics would be prescribed. However, if you are in the later stages of Syphilis infection, then a higher amount of doses would be recommended by the doctors.  
People who are undergoing the treatment for Syphilis must refrain from sexual activities unless the infection is eradicated completely. In fact, the sexual partners must also be tested for Syphilis infection and get treated, if found to be Syphilis infected.
Syphilis is a curable STD if diagnosed early and treated rapidly. Nevertheless, if treated too late, the infection can cause permanent damage to the heart and brain of the patient as well as the baby, in case the patient is pregnant. 
 In a case, if you have any symptoms from given above, You want to test nearby, visit the local Rapid STD Testing center.

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Friday, February 15, 2019

Different Types of STD Testing and Accuracy of A STD Test

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) are life-threatening infections that occur in people due to unprotected sexual activities, and sometimes through nonsexual contacts. 
Most STDs do not cause any symptom. This makes it difficult to diagnose the patient at an early stage leading to fatal outcomes. So self-awareness is the only means for early STD diagnosis.

Different Types of STD Tests:

There are various types of STD tests which may be used by the doctors to diagnose STDs. There are several individual tests for diagnosing different types of STDs. However, Rapid STD Tests have been formulated to save people’s time, effort and stress while diagnosing STD. Few tests are performed in the doctor’s clinic while some can be carried out in the comfort and privacy of your home. A short description of Rapid STD Test is given below:

Rapid STD Test:

Unlike other tests, Rapid STD Tests saves time. It allows you to get the result in a short time. If you are STD positive, you have an opportunity to get immediate medical treatment. This test is highly beneficial for early diagnosis of diseases like HIV, as it may lower the risk of illness and enhance the lifespan of the patient. 
Besides other tests which require needles and blood, Rapid STD Test may require either the swab of body fluid or a urine sample.

The accuracy of Rapid Tests:  

All Rapid STD Tests are not created equally. Some show higher sensitivity and specificity than others. Now, what do sensitivity and specificity stands for? The ability of a test to correctly identify and diagnose those with the disease (a true positive rate) is known as sensitivity, whereas the specificity is the capability to precisely detect those without the disease (a true negative rate).
While testing for acute infection, the average sensitivity and specificity offered by rapid STD test are summarised as follows:
•    Gonorrhea: This test gives 86% sensitivity and 97% specificity.
•    Syphilis: It provides with a sensitivity of 85% and a specificity of 91%.
•    Chlamydia: It is 86% sensitive and 97% specific.
•    Hepatitis B: The result of this test is 97% sensitive and 99% specific.
•    Herpes simplex: It gives 93% sensitivity and 99.9% specificity.
•    HIV (in-office, finger prick): The test provides with a sensitivity of 99% and a specificity of 99.9%.
•    HIV (at-home, oral swab): The sensitivity of this test is 92%, and the specificity is 99%.  
Besides Rapid STD tests, some of the individual tests are listed below:
1.    Chlamydia: 
A special type of urine test named as the Chlamydia Nucleic Acid Amplification Test (NAA) is used to detect Chlamydia. This test is highly recommended by the CDC due to its capability to be very accurate. This process doesn’t involve swabbing. 
2.    Gonorrhea: 
Mostly, urine samples are examined to identify Gonorrhea. However, if you had oral or anal sex, swabs can be collected as samples from throat or rectum. In some cases, swabs may be obtained from a man’s urethra or woman’s cervix.  
3.    Hepatitis C: 
It needs a simple blood test to check whether you have got this STD. This test requires no fasting and no preparation needs to be taken at the time of the test.
4.    Hepatitis B:
The blood test is all that is required to test and identify Hepatitis B. Fast is not mandatory for this test.
5.    Herpes:
Herpes is a viral Sexually Transmitted Infection. Depending on the type of viruses attacking a person, Herpes can be classified into two types. The difference between the two types of Herpes lies in the type of infection.
To identify Herpes 1 (caused by Herpes Simplex Virus or HSV1) as well as Herpes 2 (caused by Herpes Simplex Virus or HSV2), a particular type of blood test needs to be done. The blood samples are examined for traces of antibodies for the virus.
6.    HIV:
To test HIV Antibody a simple blood test is needed. It will not cause any painful swabbing or needless undressing in this test. 
HIV is not curable, but it can be treated as well. There exists a class of drugs (anti-retroviral medications) which help tremendously by extending the quality of life of the victims and slowing the growth of HIV’s in the body.

7.    Syphilis:
Syphilis Rapid Plasma Reagin Test (RPR) is a simple blood test which looks for the antibodies that fight the infection. At times, you may result in a false positive reading if you were treated for syphilis before. In such a case, another test will be followed by the previous one to confirm the results.  

There are many authorized private clinics for STD Testing Syracuse New York or other states. RapidSTDTesting, also have the network of local clinics center in the USA- provides secure, confidentially report of the STD screening test.

Monday, February 11, 2019

Why STD is More Harmful to Pregnant Woman?

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD), also known as Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) are infections or diseases which usually spread through sexual activity, especially vaginal intercourse, anal sex, and oral sex. However, some STDs can be spread by non-sexual contact with donor blood, tissue, breastfeeding or even childbirth.

STDs include the following diseases:
•    Herpes
•    HIV/ AIDS
•    Genital Warts
•    Hepatitis B
•    Chlamydia
•    Syphilis
•    Gonorrhea
•    Trichomoniasis
STDs are life-threatening diseases that require immediate treatment. Many STDs do not cause prominent symptoms. As a result, the patient remains undiagnosed and untreated, which enhances the risk of passing the disease to other healthy people. However, proper treatment can cure and prevent STD.

Can a Pregnant Woman get STD?    


Yes, a pregnant woman can get STD. Basically; pregnant women are equally likely to get infected with STD as women who are not pregnant. Pregnancy doesn’t offer any extra protection to the mother and fetus against STDs. It is challenging to detect STDs as most of them are silent or causes no symptom.

How would STD affect Pregnancy?


STDs can pose life threats to you and the fetus developing in your womb. The danger posed by STDs depends on the type of infection present. Following is given a brief description of the different infections of STD and their harmful effects on a pregnant woman.

1.    HIV/ AIDS:
Due to advancement in medical science and technology, transmission of HIV to your fetus can be significantly diminished. However, if the disease gets passed on to your baby, the result would be cataclysmic and the baby may develop HIV infection. Generally, HIV infection cannot be cured.

2.    HERPES:
Genital herpes is highly contagious and can infect the baby during the process of vaginal birth. It can cause various skin diseases to the child. Hence, a pregnant woman with genital herpes is preferred to undergo a cesarean section.

3.    GONORRHEA:
A pregnant woman with Gonorrhea has a high risk of miscarriage and preterm delivery.  During pregnancy, if contracted the infection can cause vaginal discharge and burning sensation while emptying the bladder or abdominal pain. If the mother has active disease, the newborn may develop blindness, joint infection or blood infection.

4.    GENITAL WARTS (HPV):
Genital warts seem as small cauliflower-like clusters which may burn or itch. If contracted during pregnancy, treatment may get delayed until after delivery. At times, hormones from pregnancy make them grow large, which can block the birth canal. In such a case, the cesarean section is preferred.

5.    CHLAMYDIA:
Chlamydia infections increase the risk of miscarriage and preterm delivery. The babies who are exposed can get severe eye infections and pneumonia. The mother should be re-examined within three months to confirm complete eradication of the infection, even if your partner is treated. 

6.    SYPHILIS:
Syphilis gets passed on to the infants very easily. It can cause fatal infections to your child. Newborns are often premature. Untreated children who survive, develop problems in multiple organs like brain, heart, eyes, bones etc.

7.    HEPATITIS B:
Hepatitis B virus is responsible for this liver infection. Infected mother transmits the infection to her fetus through placenta mostly. An infected baby can become a lifelong carrier of Hepatitis B leading to liver disease and even death.

8.    TRICHOMONIASIS:
Trichomoniasis causes yellow-green vaginal discharge and pain during sex and emptying the bladder. The infection increases the risk of having a preterm baby. Rarely the baby gets the infection during delivery and has a vaginal discharge after birth.

Can a Pregnant Woman get treated for an STD?


It differs what STD one is suffering from. STDs like chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis, trichomoniasis, and BV can be cured with the help of antibiotics that are safe to consume during pregnancy. Viral STDs such as Genital Herpes, Hepatitis B, or HIV cannot be cured. Conversely, there are certain cases where these infections can be treated with antiviral medications or some other preventive measures to diminish the possibility of transmitting the infection to the baby.

If you turn out to be STD positive during pregnancy, then immediate treatment should be started so as to protect you and your baby. Also, your sex partner should be examined and treated.

STDs are serious infections that require treatment, regardless of being pregnant or not. But if you are pregnant, you are not the only one at risk; it is fatal for your fetus too. So, STDs can be the reason for ending up new generations and disrupting the ecological balance. Self-awareness and prompt medical assistance is the utmost important step to fight against STDs. For Medical assistance, You can visit your nearest Local Rapid STD Testing Service centers

Thursday, January 31, 2019

Why Everyone Needs STD Testing Once in Life?

 Everyone should consider getting Tested for STD once in their lifetime. No matter how odd and awkward you feel about it, getting tested will help you stay safe. It is not necessary for you to take the test regularly. If you are active in your sexual life, you should prefer getting the test done at least once in a few months. There is no reason for STD only affecting people at high risk, even the normal ones, who are at the lowest risk get affected. One of the major drawbacks is that not everyone who has STD gets to know about it.

STD always does not come with symptoms, so people think that they aren't affected. Also, there are certain mild symptoms, which people brush off as the normal ones. Even if you do not have STD, you need to be a little careful for it. Your misconception can even become a truth. Being unsure about your STD can increase the risk. Doctors often ask people to get checked. There are home test kits too for people who do not want to go to the clinics for getting tested. The assumption can be unhealthy for the body.


Virgins can have STD too
There is no necessity of only sexually active people having STD. If your partner hasn't ever had sex, there are still chances of your partner being affected by STD. Several kinds of sexually transmitted diseases are transferred by skin to skin contact. Some diseases such as oral herpes are eventually affected by normal affection shared between family members. Many people get affected by STD just by getting cold sores. These cold sores eventually spread in the body and cause oral sex. These eventually increase the risk of sexually being affected.


It is better to be safe
If you have ever had unprotected sex, you should prefer getting a test. Moreover, this becomes even more prominent if you are have been having unsafe sex for a long period. Most people who have had unsafe sex, prefer getting the test to be on the safe side. However, if you have not yet, you should prefer getting the test. It is better to be safe than to be on the late side and be sorry. Not every time you have sex, will you get infected. Getting the test will give you the confirmation of whether you are tested positive or negative.

Being sure will help you feel safe
It is necessary to get the test done if you have been scared of whether you have the disease or not. Most people keep on worrying, and this stress further proves to be harmful to their overall health. Taking an STD test isn't a matter of joke, and people are extremely scared of it. If you get the test done, you will come to know whether you are tested positive or negative. If you become sure of it, you will get to begin the procedure. Getting an STD test has become extremely easy these days. There are several STD centers that offer testing and also the home kits are beneficial. You can get to begin with the functional treatment effectively.

Even when you think that you may not be getting STD, you can get it. The skin to skin contact can even increase the risk. The STD testing in Phoenix, AZ ensures that you get the best test with best results. The reliable centers give the best results at the most affordable rates.


Whenever you set out to choose an STD testing inPhoenix, AZ, you should check with certain factors. Hygiene happens to be the most significant deal, so you need to check whether they follow the measures properly or not. You can set out to the governmental centers too for getting the test done. These centers often offer free check-up so make sure to comply with the rules.  

Thursday, January 17, 2019

5 Reasons Everyone Should Get Tested For STD

Not many people are comfortable with the concept of STD testing. One should prefer getting it done once in the lifetime. People who have an active sexual life without the use of any security should prefer to consider getting an STD testing. One thing to be noted is that even virgins are at the risk of developing STD. Not only STD is common, but testing is equally important. Most people are unaware of the complete process of STD contraction. Several doctors are unaware about the sexual health and hence do not ask their patients to get a test.

It is necessary to stay safe
Most people in a relationship do not prefer taking an STD test. These people who have unsafe sex think that they have already contracted the STD and thus they do not need to get tested. However, it is still necessary to determine whether or not you have it to be on the safe side. Even if it is late, it does not mean that you cannot prevent. Once you get the test done, you can prefer having safe sex as per the results. STD does not get transferred every time you have sex, so checking up with it helps you stay on the safe side.

Most of these are curable
If you think you have STD, it is necessary to get the test down. This is not only helpful for yourself but for your partner's as well. Although STDs are risky, most of them can be easily cured. Therefore, it is necessary to get the test done soon so you can be easily treated. However, you may not be asked to get the test done after a medical checkup. If your doctor asks you to undergo a test, you should consider getting the test.

Virgins can have STD too
If your partner says that they have never had sex, it is okay. However, that in no way means that they cannot have sexually transmitted disease. Many times the STDs are transferred through skin to skin contact. And other sexual diseases can also be transferred just by simple affection with the family members. Many people suffer from cold sores in their younger age. These further can go on and increase the risk of oral sex in the future generation. Even if your partner is a virgin, it is better to get a test and be on the safer side.

Being sure is better than worrying
No doubt, diagnosing STD is essential, but it is extremely scary too. It is not a matter of fun, but you need to know whether or not you have an STD. It is better to be sure rather than being scared. Most of the people avoid STD testing but being sure can be a prominent relief. Once you know what disease you have, you can work towards treating the disease. Most of the STDs are easy to treat if it is detected at an early stage. Diseases such as HIV can be easily treated. If it is treated at the early stage, it can also be completely cured.

Open with partner
When you come into a relationship, you should respect yourself and the sexual partner. It is necessary to have an open feeling in the sexual life to have a healthy relationship. You should not avoid STD risk and should prefer having safe sex. Even if you haven't got a doctor's consultation, you should necessarily consider taking a test. Even if you have an infection, you should prefer disclosing about it to your partner. This will help to build a healthy relationship with your partner.

If you aren't comfortable with getting an STD Test at a Centre, you should prefer getting a test done at home. There are many STD testing center that offers the best and free testing. For better understanding, you can consider doing some research and then proceeding to a doctor for better treatment.


Monday, January 7, 2019

What are the HIV Signs & Symptoms in Women


The body fluids are responsible for transferring HIV infection from person to person. This usually includes semen, vaginal fluid or infected blood. The risk of HIV increases when people have unprotected or anal sex with any infected partner. The unsterile drug usage is also one of the common factors for HIV transfer in people. The use of infected syringes and needles increase the risk. Women usually get affected by HIV due to anal or unprotected vaginal sex. As per records, women are more prone to being affected by HIV than men.



As per the reports, several of women every year are tested to be HIV positive. The rate of men being affected by HIV is gradually decreasing while that of women is increasing.

Symptoms in Women

Since the early symptoms of HIV are same as that of mild fever, many women tend to ignore it. This increases the risk of being severely affected. It can also be one of the most common risks for developing AIDS.

Some of the most common HIV symptoms experienced by women include the following
     abnormal appearance of the smears
     Frequent breakouts of the vaginal infections
     Development of pelvic infections like pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).

These symptoms appear in the early stage and are easy disregarded to be normal breakouts. However, if you continuously experience these symptoms, you should prefer consulting your doctor. There is no shame in admitting that you are affected. It is better to diagnose it and determine for it will let you be in the safe side.

The other symptoms of being affected by HIV include
     Genital warts
     Genital ulcers
     Severe mucous herpes infection

Many women are prone to various genital infections due to unhygienic conditions and unprotected sex. But the problem can become worse if they are affected by HIV too. The normal genital infections are cured by medicines but if one is affected by HIV, the infections will continue to break out. The formation of ulcers near the anus and vaginal will become more prominent.

Most women are also exposed to fever like symptoms such as feeling nauseous, headache and being tired all the time. These symptoms become prominent just in a few weeks of being infected. If not there are very rare chances of any prominent symptoms appearing after being affected.

If the disease progresses, it starts to give out other symptoms or indications too such as
     Swollen lymph glands around the areas such as neck, groin or underarm
     Frequent sweating and fever gradually causing night sweats
     Sudden weight loss without following a proper diet
     Regular breakout of diarrhea
     Appearance of white blemishes around the mouth.

Apart from it, some of the women even experience continuous skin rashes and itching. All these symptoms are signs of HIV. However, they may indicate other diseases too. As a result, when you notice such symptoms you should consider contacting the doctors. They may schedule a test and help you find out whether you are affected by HIV or any other sexually transmitted disease.

HIV and Pregnancy


Pregnant HIV positive women can transfer the disease to their fetus during childbirth or breastfeeding. As a result, all the mothers are tested for HIV before delivery. If the women is tested positive, several measures are taken such as antiviral to prevent the child from being affected. Apart from it, many also prefer carrying out the cesarean birth to protect the kids.

Severe HIV symptoms in Women

If HIV is not treated in time and ignored, it increases the risk of developing AIDS. Usually people let it go off as untreated and develop AIDS. Some of the common symptoms of women suffering from AIDS include
     Nausea
     Vomiting
     Rapid and sudden weight loss
     Constant fever
     Frequent breakout of vaginal infections
     Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
     Coughing
     Night sweats and more

If you notice any such symptoms, you should immediately rush to a doctor and look for potential signs to treat it. A little bit of ignorance can increase the risk of death.

In addition to your own physician, your local health department, STD clinic, or family planning clinic can help you get tested. To find a testing clinic near you click here.

Wednesday, January 2, 2019

Common Symptoms of HIV in Women


The early signs and symptoms of HIV can be easily mistaken to be something else since they are not that prominent. However, ignoring these symptoms can turn out to be a major problem. It is for this reason that one should keep a check on the health. Most of the people are often embarrassed by the fact of getting affected by HIV, since it is believed sexual contact leads to HIV. Nonetheless, there are other prominent reasons by which one can get affected by HIV such as getting injected by an infected needle. Although sexual contact happens to be the most common reason, there may be other reasons too. Compared to the men, women are more prone to the risk of HIV. If you are sexually active and have had multiple sex partners, you should consider the treatment.



The symptoms of HIV in women are usually different from those of men. The common symptoms of HIV infection in women include the following

Flu-like Symptoms

In the early weeks, not many may show their prominent symptoms. Some people do not have outbreak of these symptoms for a long time. Some of the prominent symptoms include fever, lack of energy, pain in the body, headache and more. These are the initial symptoms which may break out in the initial stage itself. However, if you wait for the severe symptoms to appear, it may take more than 10 years.

Skin Rashes and Sores

Generally people suffering from HIV develop rashes over the time. These are considered to be one of the common symptoms related to HIV. It indicates the presence of an infection in the body. If you notice any rash on your skin, you should prefer seeing a healthcare provider who can analyse your medical history. They will be able to tell you whether you need a complete diagnosis or not. These sores or lesions usually appear in the mouths, anus and genitals. However, if these are less serious, it can be easily treated with medications.




Swollen Glands

Lymph nodes are present in all the essential parts of the body. Since it is one effective part of the immune system, the lymph nodes will be attacked by the infections. These pathogens will tend to harm the immune system of the body. When HIV begins to spread around the body, they usually grow out to be the enlarged lymph nodes. These enlarged lymph nodes are further referred to as swollen glands. The swollen glands are the most effective signs that can last for months if you’re infected by HIV.

Fever and Night Sweats

People affected by HIV usually suffer from low grade fever with the temperature ranging between 99.8ºF and 100.8ºF. Although the body will develop this fever, the reason won’t be clear. Most of the people are unaware of them being affected by HIV. Therefore, in cases like this they ignore such mild fevers if they suffer from any. Most of the times, people may also suffer from night sweats which is yet another major symptom.

Menstrual changes

Women affected by HIV usually suffer changes in their menstruation routine. Either they may have very light or heavy period or they may experience no symptom at all. However, the premenstrual symptoms in such women is pretty severe.

Frequent outbreaks of sexually transmitted infections (STIs)

People who have been affected by sexually transmitted infections, prior to being infected by HIV can have worsened conditions. Human Papillomavirus (HPV), the reason for genital warts is pretty active in people tested HIV positive. Any women who have been tested HIV positive will suffer frequent outbreaks of HPV symptoms and even genital herpes. Moreover, the body will fail to respond to the STI treatments too.

HIV is transmitted from one person to another through the bodily fluids. As mentioned above, it may happen due to sexual contact or through excessive drug abuse through needle sharing. As precautions, the people should prefer not sharing needles. Women having HIV positive partners may not develop the disease if the partner is under proper medications.